Background

Sericulture having the commercial potentiality can create self-employment and income generating opportunities to raise the economic and social status of the rural lives and support the environmental protection. It is because Agricultural Perspective Plan (APP) also has emphasized for the development of sericulture in hills and mid hills. Sericulture development programmers are being implemented in the areas where farmers are aware of the benefits of sericulture to enhance intensive and commercial sericulture through the affiliation and active participation of rural farmers, and long term vision and strategies are specified accordingly.

Vision
The vision for sericulture development in Nepal is set based upon suitable socio-economic and natural environment of the country and comparative advantages in rural development, poverty reduction, environment protection, rural industrialization, income generating employment opportunities, food security and socio-economic upliftment of women and marginal farmers.

  • The overall development of sericulture will be enhanced by:
  • Increasing the affiliation of private sector.
  • Applying the theory of mass production and/or production by mass.
  • Establishing the industries (small, medium and large) based on sericulture.
  • Creating income generating employment opportunities to support the women, dalits, oppressed and tribal/indigenous castes farmers.
  • Increasing the export opportunities of seri-products as well as seed cocoon by maintaining the quality and quantity.

Objectives
While implementing the long-term vision on sericulture development in Nepal, the following are the major objectives:

  • To raise income for economic upliftment and increase purchasing power of rural agricultural livelihoods by developing income generating employment opportunities through sericulture.
  • To support rural cottage industries by motivating and mobilizing rural entrepreneurs and skilled manpower in post-cocoon activities.
  • To produce quality silk/cocoon for internal market, import substitution and export promotion.

Strategies

  • To promote mulberry based sericulture in potential areas of hills for the development of extra income generating opportunities.
  • To promote tropical sericulture in potential terai areas to increase the production for export.
  • To enhance mass production and production by mass theory.

Working policies

  • Intensification, commercialization and diversification of sericulture in potential areas based upon comparative advantages.
  • Production and distribution of mulberry saplings through private and non-governmental sector by optimum utilization of available resources, capacities and potentialities.
  • Standardization of technical qualities for mulberry saplings.
  • Conservation and preservation of parental stock by three tiers multiplication at different farms and centres.
  • Inclusion of trained and capable farmers groups in P1 seed cocoon production.
  • Development of certification system for disease free laying and others.
  • Production of high quality silk/cocoon for internal market, import substitution and export promotion.
  • High quality cocoon production and application of improved cocoon grading system to attract the private and non-governmental entrepreneurs in cocoon purchasing and post-cocoon processing management.
  • Execution of sericulture development programme based on cluster and package approach. For this, activities like grading and purchasing, drying, reeling, spinning through cottage industries will be carried out as a model package at production pockets.
  • Human resources development through technical/vocational training in sericulture at farmers level and through training and higher studies at technicians level.
  • Provision of silk mobilizer among farmer groups to provide home-to-home technical service.
  • Coordination and cooperation with NARC and other farm-centers for action oriented research to solve farmers’ problems.
  • Based upon the theory of gender balance in mainstream agriculture development, participation and leadership development will be enhanced through empowering the women farmer.
  • Sericulture development programmes will be guided by private public partnership approach.
  • Monitoring and evaluation will be made effective by developing scientific indicators to help in achieving the national poverty reduction goal.
  • Coordination and cooperation with Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation for the implementation of participative programmes.